About the Salmonella bacteria

The salmonella strain or genus of bacteria refers to rod shaped bacteria, which is named after Daniel Salmon who discovered it in the year 1906. Some strains of the salmonella bacteria cause several diseases or illnesses in both animals and humans. Food poisoning infections and typhoid fever are generally caused by this strain of bacteria across the world. The salmonella strain of bacteria is found in the intestines of mammals, reptiles and birds.

Salmonella bacterium strains may be classified as harmful as well as harmless. The type of bacteria that are harmful and cause health hazards are contracted by touching raw eggs, raw meat, raw shellfish or animal products that are unpasteurized such as cheese and milk. You may also acquire this bacteria species by coming in contact with turtles, humans and birds. The Salmonella strain of bacterium species is not a threat unless it is actually ingested. Thus washing of hands and feet are of important significance here, which is an effective way of avoiding Salmonella bacterium infections.

Transmission

As mentioned earlier, contracting Salmonella infections results from coming in contact with, touching or consuming contaminated food products such as raw eggs, meat and shellfish. The symptoms of contracting an infection include vomiting, fever, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Several forms of home made food items and packages, especially poultry and meat products have labels on safe handling on the package. Thus meat or poultry products that are not properly cooked under an appropriate temperature are the prime causes of Salmonella poisoning and infections. Sometimes this sort of infection and poisoning occurs from consumption of junk food from outside.

Symptoms

Salmonella food poisoning infections disappear within a week. But, prolonged symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting may cause serious dehydration, which need immediate medication and treatment. These infections may occur in both individual and adults and in those with a weak immune system. Salmonella infections may become fatal at times, when the bacterium strain enters the blood stream.

Another form of sickness caused by the Salmonella bacterium strain is typhoid fever.  Unlike food poisoning symptoms that get cured on its own, typhoid fever needs to be treated with antibiotics and needs immediate medical attention. The disease is contagious and an infected person would need to be quarantined weeks, day and months if the infection is severe even if the person does not have symptoms of typhoid fever any longer in the course of treatment.  Typhoid fever disease causing germs are found in contaminated water and food or by ingesting urine or feces. Using polluted or contaminated water for cooking, drinking and washing causes typhoid fever, which becomes fatal if not treated immediately.

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