About the Escherichia coli (e-coli) bacteria

The Escherichia coli are bacteria that attack most people, especially kids, nowadays. It is not only causing a great number of e-coli patients in hospitals but it also causes a number of deaths. These bacteria are bacteria that usually reside in the intestines of humans and animals. Escherichia coli is also called e-coli in short and this causes various diseases to people such as severe anemia, kidney failure, urinary tract infections, diarrhea and a lot more which are diseases that eventually lead to death if untreated.

What causes Escherichia coli infections and diseases?

E-coli can enter the system and cause infections to it through dirty food, especially those foods that are infested by feces since e-coli comes from the intestines. Even the water a person drinks can be infested by e-coli especially if it is contaminated by feces, urine, etc. But aside from eating food and drinking drinks that are contaminated by feces, a person can also be attacked by e-coli infections if the food he or she is eating is not cooked well. Since e-coli comes from intestines, e-coli can still be left on the uncooked food and still be alive which is what causes infections when eating raw meat and meat that is not cooked well.

E-coli Symptoms

There are several symptoms of e-coli infection. These symptoms should signal a person that something is wrong with his or her system. Diarrhea is the main symptom of e-coli infection. Most of the time, it is bloody diarrhea accompanied by stomach cramps. Other symptoms of e-coli infection are nausea and vomiting, fever, bruising, pale skin, weakness and not being able to urinate well. When these symptoms are experienced, it pays to consult the doctor at once to avoid more severe symptoms.

How is e-coli infection diagnosed?

Upon visiting the doctor, the patient would be asked a stool sample. This is the specimen that doctors use in order to find out if there is indeed an e-coli infection.

Once diagnosed of an e-coli infection, the next thing to do is find a treatment. Now, when it comes to treating e-coli, it is not as easy as treating other bacterial infections. This is because if other bacterial infections can be treated using an antibiotic, e-coli cannot be treated that way. In fact, it is wrong to take antibiotics when attacked by e-coli bacteria as this can hinder digestion process and hinder extraction of e-coli out of the system. Treatment for e-coli infection usually involves other procedures such as dialysis, blood transfusion as well as other procedures that promote careful fluid and mineral regulation.

Prevent Escherichia coli infection

However, the best thing to do when it comes to Escherichia coli is to always take a great ounce of prevention. Prevention is always best to keep away diseases and infection whether they are caused by e-coli or not. A person can greatly prevent e-coli infection by making sure the meat they eat is well-cooked, washing their hands as well as other tools and things they touch, drinking safe and clean water especially when traveling to foreign places, drinking pasteurized beverages like milk and juices and making sure that the area surrounding them is always clean.

Escherichia coli cannot be seen with the naked eye, and usually, a person only knows they exist when the symptoms of infection arise already. With this, it pays when one is knowledgeable about this type of bacteria and not waiting for infection to come before applying preventive measures to keep these bacteria from taking their toll on the body.

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