What is Adenovirus?
Adenovirus is a class of virus that causes both respiratory and gastrointestinal ailments. As is the case with other types of viruses like Rotavirus and Norovirus, Adenovirus is quite contagious and tends to affect adults and children.
Adenovirus is also commonly known as the cold killer virus since it has caused not only caused the hospitalization, but death of thousands of people over the years. According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), the virus tends to thrive in temperatures below 200C and as such is quite prevalent during autumn and winter. Therefore, if you would like to protect your household from this infection, it is important that you learn a couple of things about this killer cold virus.
Incubation period of Adenovirus
Several medical studies have shown that the incubation period for this particular type of virus is between 7 and 14 days. But, unlike other types of viruses that remain dormant during the incubation period, the Adenovirus is contagious during the incubation period, during the course of the ailment and after treatment is concluded for at least 2-3 weeks.
As pointed out earlier, the Adenovirus is a group of virus that triggers both respiratory and abdominal infections like bronchitis, stomach flu and common cold. In addition to these diseases, there are other infections that can be caused by the virus. These include:
This is an eye infection, which is also commonly referred to as the pink eye.
This type of infection often results in the inflammation of the airways thereby causing breathing issues. A common symptom displayed by children suffering from this infection is high-pitched noise produced while breathing. Croup is quite prevalent in children aged between 3 months and 5 years. According to the CDC, Croup tends to affect boys than girls and is common in autumn and winter.
This is an infection that affects the lower respiratory area. Bronchiolitis is quite common amongst infants. Since it is a form of the killer cold virus, it is common during fall and winter. As is the case with Croup, Bronchiolitis affects more boys than girls.
Pneumonia is a form of virus that triggers tenderness of the lungs. Whereas the infection occurs throughout the year, it is quite common in fall and winter. Then again, the infection is quite common in boys than girls.
Common causes of Adenovirus infection
Adenovirus is highly contagious. What this means is that, it can be transmitted with relative ease from one child to the other. But, since the killer cold virus is a group of viruses, the form of infection will determine how it is transmitted.
Generally, the virus is spread through contact. When you touch infected surfaces or touch an infected person, you are more likely to contract the disease. The instant the virus enters your body it spreads to major organs like the lungs, mouth, eyes and nose. Once the virus settles in the organs, it is then spread to other parts of the body.
Listed below, are some of the common ways through which the Adenovirus may be spread:
Listed below are some of the ways through which the Adenovirus virus causing respiratory infections can be spread:
– Contact with contaminated surfaces and materials.
– Contact with an infected person since discharges from the respiratory tract can comprise of the virus.
Once the virus causing respiratory ailments comes into contact with a surface, it can stay there for several hours.
Abdominal tract infections
Listed below are some of the ways through which the Adenovirus virus can be spread from one person to the other:
– Handling and preparing food after visiting the toilet.
– Eating food before washing your hands
Intestinal tract infections are usually triggered by poor hygiene. Since the virus tends to thrive in low temperatures, it is crucial that you thoroughly wash your hands after visiting the toilet or after changing your baby’s diapers.
Common signs and symptoms of Adenovirus
The key to treating the Adenovirus is identifying the symptoms. The signs and symptoms displayed by an individual infected with the virus are somehow similar to those displayed by a person suffering from common cold and flu. Still, it is important to point out that the symptoms may differ from one person to the other. Listed below, are some of the signs and symptoms displayed by a person infected with Adenovirus:
Symptoms of respiratory infection
Running nose, fever, headaches, sore throat, non-productive cough, severe coughs and feelings of uneasiness are some of the symptoms displayed by persons infected with the Adenovirus causing respiratory infections.
Symptoms of abdominal tract infections
Fever, inflammation of the belly, watery diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and intestinal tenderness are some of the common symptoms displayed by persons infected with the Adenovirus causing abdominal tract infections.
The signs and symptoms mentioned herein usually persist for a period of 3-5 days. Thereafter, you will start to feel some sense of relief. However, it is important that you seek medical treatment as soon as you start noticing the signs listed above in your child or loved one. If left untreated, the Adenovirus can cause complications like chronic lung ailment and intussusception.
Given the depth of this type of virus, odds are that most people are more concerned about the treatment than anything else. The best form of treatment is prevention. Listed below are tips on how you can curb the spread of the infection from one person to the other:
Wash your hands
A weakened immune system can also cause you to suffer from the infection. The key to safeguarding your immune system is eating a well-balanced diet.
Take a lot of fluids
Taking a lot of fluids does not denote taking carbonated and sugary drinks. Drinking a lot of water helps in shedding the virus from your body. Therefore, make a point of drinking at least 2 gallons of water per day.
If you are infected, then it is highly recommended that you take a lot of bed rest. Resting aids in recovering your immune system.